Heating, Ventilation, and Air-Conditioning (HVAC) are one of the most progressive sectors of the mechanical and industry nowadays. The trends of the HVAC systems are widely used for home and commercial. Based on a report of Global View Research, this industry occupied a sizeable share of $135 billion in 2019.
Despite the contribution of HVAC systems to economic growth, it is heavily dependent on the construction industry and regulations by the state and federal agencies. There are numerous innovative trends in the market to ensure a stable expansion in this field, of which some are listed here.
1. Sustainable Structuring
Green constructions are currently highly popular. HVAC service systems are the primary source of energy consumption in any building. Hence, there is a new trend in building sustainable structures, which entails that the architects responsible for building design, make adjustments beforehand to increase the efficiency of heating/cooling in the establishment. E.g., increasing airflow by modification in the ventilation system. The materials used in sustainable structures are also equipped to keep the temperature constant.
Desiccant Enhanced Evaporative (DeVAP) is another provider in sustainable HVAC systems. A desiccant mainly primarily absorbs water from the surrounding, and it is used for evaporative cooling. Using this method, DeVAP cools the surrounding air better than the traditional trends of the HVACs.
A honeycomb media is available inside, that absorbs water like a sponge. This water is blown by a fan, which then evaporates, and the air is cooled. This cold air is released in your space. Further, the DeVAP absorbs additional humidity from the air through the desiccant; provides the same level of cool and dry air as the air conditioners but utilize less energy. Moreover, this system does not run on any harmful refrigerant.
3. Eco-friendly Refrigerants
The cooling function of any air conditioner is reliant on the refrigerant. It absorbs the surrounding heat and lowers the air temperature in a given space. Nevertheless, the standard refrigerant used in HVAC called Chlorofluorocarbons (CFC) is hazardous to the environment. CFC is significantly responsible for depleting the ozone layer and aggravate the greenhouse effect. As a countermeasure, the industry is on a path to adopt more environment-friendly refrigerants like R134A.
4. Software Analysis
Data Analysis is a great medium to study market trends and consumer response. In HVAC systems, data analysis has majorly helped in process management, increasing accuracy, and overall efficiency. Community engagement is smoothly increasing amongst the service providers and customers because of software supports, Search Engine Optimization (SEO), and machine learning.
5. Geothermal HVAC
Using an underground setup is another trend towards eco-friendly and smart HVAC construction. The geothermal HVAC industry system uses an earth loop- an arrangement of underground pipes which is benefitted from the constant temperature below the surface (six feet deep). The ambient temperature surrounding the traditional systems are prone to frequent changes, based on seasons. In geothermal heating/cooling, the excess energy spent on covering these temperature differences is saved. The temperate air is delivered into the desired space with a fan, compressor, and pump.
Employ any of the trends listed above after a prior energy audit is to make an informed decision.